Child Care Aware® of North Dakota is a program
of Lutheran Social Services of North Dakota.

Child Growth and Development

Over 90% of a child's brain development happens before they start kindergarten. Experiences and interactions during these first five years, when the brain is most "flexible", can influence a child's health, behavior and learning skills for a lifetime.

Parents and care providers can have a positive impact on child's development by talking with them, interacting through simple games and providing a safe, stress-free environment.

North Dakota Early Learning Guidelines and North Dakota Core Competencies provide common language and expectations for parents, child care providers and teachers as they track development and learning for children from birth to age five in these areas:

  • Social/Emotional - How children feel about themselves and how they learn to relate to others.

  • Cognitive - How children think, develop understandings about the world, and problem solving skills.

  • Language - How children communicate their needs, and learn sounds, words, and sentences.

  • Physical - how children develop large and small muscle skills including:
    • Gross motor or large motor skills- skills that allow a child to sit, crawl, walk etc.
    • Fine motor or small motor skills- skills such as pinching and holding things etc..

  • Sensory - How children hear, see, taste, smell and feel.

Training Recommendation

Visit the Child Care Aware® of North Dakota Training Center to search and register for training related to ND Core Competency:Child Growth & Development.

Review these resources to learn more

Parenting Counts Developmental Timeline
Childhood Milestones at